In brief, the cannabis soaks in alcohol, usually ethanol, the plant material Cannabis CO2 extract being dispensed from a supercritical CO2 system To really make shatter, which is a hard version of butane hash oil, terpene. Which extraction method is best for your cannabis company: CO2? Hydrocarbon extraction typically refers to using butane or propane as a The cannabis is then removed; the liquid is filtered and the alcohol purged from. Butane Hash Oil used to be a very popular cannabis extraction method. The Risk Simpson method uses pure naphtha or isopropyl alcohol. catalyst when it is under enough pressure to become a supercritical fluid.
Best Which Butane, Cannabis Extraction? for Ethanol, CO2: Supercritical is or
Nowadays, marijuana has gone through a massive revival and with it has come the art of cannabis extraction to produce the new wave of concentrates. Smoking — As with traditional dried flower, cannabis extracts are often smoked in much the same way. This is especially true of extracts such as hashish and kief, which can be smoked on their own, or in water bongs, pipes, or added to dried flower or tobacco and smoked in a traditional joint. Tinctures — Liquid extracts that can be taken orally as drops, added to food or applied directly to the skin.
Vaporizers — Vaporizing is one of the cleanest ways to inhale a cannabis concentrate. Vaping creates a mist that is non-toxic, taking pressure off the respiratory system and providing a very private, non-intrusive way to consume cannabis. Extracts, like oil, wax, shatter and distillates can be vaped successfully. A metal, glass, or titanium skillet is heated so that the cannabis concentrate vaporizes when it touches the heated surface. Infusing edibles with cannabis oils or tinctures provides a smoke-free, convenient method of taking cannabis that allows for the ultimate in private consumption.
Cannabis extract pills are even easier. The effects of ingesting cannabis are also different, tending to last much longer when compared to inhaling cannabis. To achieve cannabis in concentrate form, the cannabinoids of the plant must be extracted and condensed into as pure a form as possible.
A number of different ways can be used to isolate the valuable cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. Extraction methods that involve solvents are very popular and provide a quality product, but require professional equipment and knowledge to get right.
Solventless methods are simple, natural but do not offer the same THC and cannabinoid percentages. Some methods are superior and provide better taste, enhanced terpene retention and a pure product.
Dry-sieve extraction typically involves taking dried cannabis plants and beating or shaking them against a mesh screen so that the trichome crystals fall off and can be collected. Water extraction, also known as water hash or bubble hash is made by adding cannabis plants to a set of sieve-like bags submerged in freezing cold water and stirred. The cold and stirring causes the trichomes to fall off the plant and pass through a progressively tighter series of collection screens.
The result is a kief or hashish that can be dabbed or smoked and provides THC levels from 50 to 70 percent. Rosin is a cannabis concentrate that has a buttery or shatter-like consistency and is produced without using additives or solvents to extract the trichomes from the plant material. Instead, heat and pressure are used to extract the trichome rich resin that contains the beneficial ingredients of the cannabis plant. Referred to as an ISO Wash, this extraction method involves taking dried cannabis flower and soaking it briefly in isopropyl alcohol.
Once soaking, the mixture of ISO and flower is shaken gently and then strained into a separate dish. The isopropyl alcohol works to strip the trichomes from the plant material into the solvent. The concentrated liquid then has any remaining solvent evaporated in a vacuum oven at under degree Fahrenheit until a potent THC rich oil remains. ISO wash extract is typically filled with cannabinoids but also contains some chlorophyll, waxes and plant alkaloids. The longer the soak, the more plant material will also be extracted, an undesirable side effect of this extraction method.
Butane extraction has been made famous in the food and perfume industries but has since been repurposed for cannabis extraction due to its powerful potency and excellent terpene retention. To perform a BHO extraction, a vessel or column is filled with cannabis, and a filter attached at one end. Cans of butane are sprayed through the cannabis to extract the cannabinoids, and the cannabinoid-rich butane is collected in another vessel.
The solvent and cannabinoid mix is then left to evaporate or is purged in a vacuum oven. BHO extraction can be very dangerous if not done correctly as the butane gas being used is extremely flammable. A vacuum oven works to purge the solvent residue from the oil and leaves behind a golden coloured oil that typically measures around 80 percent THC. This method is popular for producing many types of shatter, waxes, crumbles, and oils. Another famous extraction method, Supercritical CO2 extraction is a great way to get all those amazing cannabinoids separated from the cannabis plant material.
It is also the safest non-toxic and reusable, environmentally friendly solvent extraction method. Better yet, for all the health-conscious cannabis users out there, no trace amounts of toxins are left behind in the finished product.
In fact, CO2 is used to produce carbonated soft drinks, in the removal of caffeine from coffee beans in order to make decaffeinated coffee, as an environmentally friendly solvent for dry cleaning, and as an extraction solvent when producing essential oils.
Supercritical CO2 is also common when pesticides and metals are extracted from agricultural crops. The CO2 extraction process allows compounds to be extracted with little damage and low toxicity; it utilizes a high pressure vessel containing cannabis. Supercritical CO2 is inserted into the vessel, and pumped through a filter where it is separated from the plant matter once the pressure is released.
Next, the supercritical CO2 evaporates and is dissolved into the cannabinoids. For Whole Plant Therapy it is vital that you get the terpenes as well as the cannabinoids.
Lavender would not be lavender if the terpene linalool was removed. The most important difference here is that the alcohol cannabis extraction retains the chlorophyll. Chlorophyll is very important in that it oxygenates the body creating an alkaline environment. Cancer and other diseases cannot survive in an alkaline environment. It also retains the Terpenes essential oils which are the essence of the plant and one of the main healing factors. Along with that it preserves all the flavonoids — the phytochemicals of the plant and of course the compounds or cannabinoids.
Alcohol extraction is a very gentle way of extracting the cannabinoids and has been the go to for herbalists for centuries. On the other hand CO2 extraction is harsher, it removes all of the very important chlorophyll and it not done properly will combust the terpenes and flavonoids leaving just the compounds. About Contact Top Menu. Cannabis Extraction can be a bit daunting Cannabis Extraction? Ethanol Cannabis Extraction — Food Grade Alcohol This is my preferred method of extracting the cannabinoids, it takes longer and is more expensive in the long run, but I believe this is what makes our products work as well as they do.
FlowerChild uses food grade alcohol to extract the chlorophyll, cannabinoids and terpenes!
Cannabis Extraction Techniques – Alcohol Extraction vs CO2
A cannabis extract is any oil-like substance that concentrates the chemical Water, butane, alcohol, ethanol, and CO2 are all used as solvents to Tinctures – Liquid extracts that can be taken orally as drops, added to food or. Ethanol, Butane, or Supercritical CO2: Which is Best for Cannabis Extraction? No solvent is perfect for cannabis extraction in every way. There are three main types of cannabis extraction – supercritical Co2, ethanol, and ethanol extraction, on the other hand, borrows the best of CO2 and butane .