Home sleep tests. Your doctor might provide you with simplified tests to be used at home to diagnose sleep apnea. These tests usually. There are several alternative sleep apnea treatment options available But generally undergoing surgery to treat sleep apnea means surgery. Here we list 8 justifications for getting your sleep apnea diagnosed and Quite often, the patient's bed partner loses sleep as well due to the.
Usually Treated? How Sleep is Apnea
Estimates suggest that sleep apnea is present in at least 25 million adults. Men are regarded at higher risk than women for this disorder. However, scientific research also indicates that sleep apnea is significantly underdiagnosed, especially in women.
A form of sleep-disordered breathing, obstructive sleep apnea involves periods of compromised or interrupted breathing during sleep. These pauses in breathing occur when the airway narrows or collapses during sleep.
Full or partial obstruction of the airway leads to periods of diminished breathing hypopnea or to complete cessation of breath apnea. These breathing pauses may last a few seconds or as long as a minute or more before regular breathing resumes. Often, the interrupted breathing will end with the sleeper making a loud snort or choking sound. These episodes of poor breathing frequently cause the sleeper to wake, though he or she may not remember being roused from sleep. As a result of diminished breathing, less oxygen enters the blood, diminishing supply to the brain and the rest of the body.
Sleep apnea disrupts nightly rest and can interfere with daily life, compromising energy, mood, and mental function. Bed partners are often the ones to notice the choking, gasping, and loud snoring that frequently accompanies sleep apnea. Left untreated, obstructive sleep apnea undermines health and increases risks for other medical conditions, including:. Severity of sleep apnea is most often measured and diagnosed by the number of apnea or hypopnea episodes that occur within an hour.
People with mild sleep apnea experience between episodes of interrupted breathing in an hour, while those with moderate sleep apnea will experience Severe sleep apnea includes 30 or more apneas or hypopneas an hour.
You may be advised to: Avoid the use of alcohol. Avoid the use of tobacco. Avoid the use of sleeping pills. Use pillows and other devices to help sleep in a side position. Physical or mechanical therapy options are also available. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure CPAP is a device that is used nightly in which you wear a mask over the nose during sleep, and pressure from an air blower forces air through the nasal passages. Dental appliances that reposition the lower jaw and the tongue have been helpful to some people with mild sleep apnea, or who snore but do not have apnea.
Some people with sleep apnea may need surgery. Examples of these procedures include: Surgical procedures to remove adenoids and tonsils, nasal polyps, or other growths or tissue in the airway, or to correct structural deformities may be done. Surgical reconstruction for deformities of the lower jaw may benefit some people.
Surgical procedures to treat obesity are sometimes recommended for a person with sleep apnea who is obese. Key points about sleep apnea Sleep apnea is a breathing disorder characterized by brief interruptions of breathing during sleep. Central sleep apnea Obstructive sleep apnea Sleep apnea seems to run in some families, suggesting a possible genetic basis.
Medications are generally not effective in the treatment of sleep apnea. Treatment may involve behavioral changes, weight loss, CPAP therapy and sometimes surgery. Next steps Tips to help you get the most from a visit to your healthcare provider: Know the reason for your visit and what you want to happen.
Before your visit, write down questions you want answered. Bring someone with you to help you ask questions and remember what your provider tells you.
At the visit, write down the name of a new diagnosis, and any new medicines, treatments, or tests. Also write down any new instructions your provider gives you. Know why a new medicine or treatment is prescribed, and how it will help you. Also know what the side effects are. Ask if your condition can be treated in other ways. Know why a test or procedure is recommended and what the results could mean. Know what to expect if you do not take the medicine or have the test or procedure.
If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose for that visit. Several devices that dilate the nose, both internal and external, are available. While they seem to help some snorers, no significant consistent benefit for sleep apnoea has been seen. Medication Antidepressants have been tried for sleep apnoea. None has proven to consistently or completely treat OSA though some improvement is sometimes seen in the severity of apnoeic episodes.
There is ongoing interest in finding a medication that would help but no immediate choice is available now. This pressure acts as an air splint, holding the airway open and preventing the partial or complete collapse that is the main event in OSA.
Usually this is delivered through a mask that fits over the nose only. In almost all cases this eliminates the signs and symptoms of OSA as well as the snoring. Most patients get relief quickly, some the first night they use it. In others it may take weeks to adapt to the sensation of using the machine. CPAP was first used in Australia in The major difficulty then, and now, was devising a mask to fit comfortably but snugly over the nose. Since the first masks a great deal of research has gone in to finding comfortable masks.
There are now a variety of masks of different designs and different materials. Most still fit over the nose but some are designed to fit into the nasal opening.
These are particularly helpful if you have any degree of claustrophobia. Because some patients cannot adapt to nasal breathing, masks that fit over both the nose and mouth are also available. There are also newer units, which actually adjust the amount of pressure as needed throughout the night. For some people this is more comfortable. This too can be more comfortable for some, especially when high pressures are needed.
Since people with sleep apnea tend to be sleep deprived, they may suffer from The most important part of treatment for people with OSA is using the CPAP. Although PAP devices are not used to treat snoring alone, they do eliminate ( CPAP) therapy, the most commonly prescribed OSA treatment, despite best. There are four common sleep apnea treatment options, including CPAP therapy. CPAP is often referred to as “the gold standard” treatment option and is the.