Both CBD and THC have the exact same molecular structure: 21 carbon atoms, 30 Why do people talk about THC content in CBD oil if THC and CBD are two. Cannabis consumers have long prized potency (a high THC content) as one of the main factors that makes a particular strain more desirable. Though traditional . What's the difference between CBD vs THC? growers to breed strains with much higher CBD content as well as strains mixed with THC.
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Such products have the added benefit of being widely available, including online and in retail stores. Maine and Vermont have legalized marijuana for recreational use but have yet to open recreational dispensaries. They may even sell buds or flower from marijuana strains that have been bred to have very low levels of THC, says Michael Backes, author of "Cannabis Pharmacy: Still, Lee cautions that some people are much more sensitive to the psychoactive effects of THC than others.
So if you want to avoid the head-high, it's better to stick with CBD from hemp. Many CBD products sold online and in retail stores come from hemp, not marijuana. And the source of that hemp can be important. Most hemp used in CBD products sold in the U. Among those sources, Lanier considers Colorado to have the most robust hemp program.
Note that the Farm Bill, now in Congress, may make it easier for farmers to grow hemp and expand the number of states where it is grown and tested. Products made with hemp grown overseas can be even more problematic, because they are not subject to any state or federal testing, say both Lanier and Boyar.
So for CBD products from hemp, check labels to see whether they say where it was grown, and look especially for those from Colorado. Not all products, however, include that information. So in a dispensary or a retail store, ask the staff whether they know where the hemp was grown. And for products purchased online, check the companies' website to see whether it has that information, or contact the seller to ask the same question.
That document shows how a product performed on tests checking for CBD and THC levels, and the presence of contaminants. So any COA for those final products comes from testing the company arranged on its own. Though not all manufacturers take that step, many do, Lanier says.
One state, Indiana, has made it easier for consumers to find these COAs. That suggests the lab adheres to high scientific standards. Also look to see whether a company uses testing methods validated by one of three respected national standard-setting organizations: Unlike hemp-derived CBD products, those made from marijuana must undergo testing—at least in states that permit medical and recreational use of marijuana.
In some of those states, dispensary staff are supposed to have the COAs available and be willing to share them with you. In states that have only legalized the medical, not recreational, use of marijuana, testing is less consistent, Boyar says. Look for products that show how much CBD or cannabidiol, its full name you get not just in the whole bottle but in each dose, says Lee, from Project CBD. Dosages, which are expressed in milligrams, or mgs, vary considerably depending on the form of the product, and experts often suggest starting with products that have relatively low doses.
For example, with tinctures, consider a product that has just 10 mg per dose, says Mitch Earleywine, Ph. Companies may take that labeling approach because they hope it will attract less scrutiny from the Food and Drug Administration, Lee says. Depending on the type of CO2 extraction used, the technique might be able to extract not just CBD but other cannabinoids see number 5 in the plant, Boyar says.
And it may not be safer, either, because some forms of CO2 extraction still use solvents, Boyar says. That oil is often included in hemp-based soaps, cosmetics, and similar products.
Making health claims, even just the ability to treat relatively minor problems like migraines, is legal only for prescription drugs, which undergo extensive testing for effectiveness and safety. And the more dramatic the claim, such as the ability to cure cancer or heart disease, the more skeptical you should be.
Since , the FDA has cracked down on dozens of companies selling CBD products online for making unallowed health claims. Vape pens produce little smoke and are easy to transport and use—plus they can easily go undetected. But the concentrated oils used in vape pens of CBD might contain a solvent called propylene glycol. When burned at high temperatures, propylene glycol can degrade into formaldehyde, a chemical that can irritate the nose and eyes and could increase the risk of asthma and cancer.
As a dorky kid, I spent many a Saturday at the Bloomington, Ind. Now, as a much bigger kid, that's still my job! Identifying products and services, especially in healthcare, that are safe, effective, and affordable—and highlighting those that aren't—is my top concern.
Please call Member Services at Welcome to Consumer Reports. For example, arachidonoylethanolamine AEA is produced within the body and is thought to regulate several functions. For example, CB1 receptors send signals that regulate senses, while cannabinoids that interact with CB2 receptors can at the same time affect gastrointestinal response and peripheral nervous system sensitivity. Also, since people often take numerous different cannabinoids together for example, using medical marijuana , it is hard to attribute specific effects to specific cannabinoids.
In addition, some cannabinoids interact synergistically, producing unique effects that are not found when using them individually. However, CBD does this and produces many other effects without directly interacting with the cannabinoid receptors. At first, scientists thought there was a third type of CB receptor just for Cannabidiol, but the answer was far more interesting and revealing. The indirect interactions of CBD with the endocannabinoid system has many effects, some of which surprised scientists and are still being researched.
However, scientists are still unclear about how some effects of Cannabidiol are actually occurring. The most possible explanation is via the hypothetical GPR55 receptor, or through more indirect and synergistic effects that still await discovery. Contrary to how most cannabinoids function, CBD interacts very mildly with the cannabinoid receptors themselves and instead either helps other cannabinoids to be better absorbed or stops the effects of whatever makes the receptors work less effectively.
The endocannabinoid system is closely interconnected with the nervous and immune system. You may have heard some people say that marijuana and hemp are exactly the same, while others swear they are different. The debate of hemp vs marijuana is fueled by the confusion and misinformation that surround the cannabis plant. In this article, we will dispel several myths and shed light on the differences between industrial hemp and marijuana.
As you may know, industrial hemp and marijuana come from the same genus of flowering plant— cannabis. This means that there may be multiple types of the cannabis plant, which are all cannabis but have remarkable differences. Cannabis sativa is the most common strain of cannabis. It has been cultivated throughout history for a number of purposes, including the production of seed oil, food, hemp fiber for clothes and rope , medicine, and even recreation.
Cannabis ruderalis is a species native to Russia that flowers earlier and is able to withstand harsher conditions than Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. It is the hardiest of the three, but it is relatively poor in terms of cannabinoids as ruderalis has a lower THC content than either sativa or indica. Cannabis indica was first discovered in India and is a cannabis species that is described as shorter and bushier than sativa.
Problems with botanical taxonomy have led some scientists to still doubt the existence of Cannabis indica as a distinct species of cannabis.
However, since man has been cultivating cannabis and especially Cannabis sativa for thousands of years, the effects of artificial selections have led to several different types of cannabis even within the same species, depending on the purpose the cannabis was cultivated for. Cannabis has been cultivated by humans, for a variety of purposes, since antiquity. So it comes as no surprise that there are several different species and even different varieties within the species, depending on the purpose the plants were bred for.
Through artificial selection, different species of cannabis have different properties—some have been used for medicinal purposes, others as food, and others to create clothes, ropes, and other items. Industrial hemp is produced by strains of Cannabis sativa that have been cultivated to produce minimal levels of THC and are instead artificially selected and bred to grow taller and sturdier. This is done to enable the plant to be used effectively in the production of hemp oil, wax, resin, hemp seed food, animal feed, fuel, cloth, rope, and more.
Industrial hemp is exclusively made from Cannabis sativa. Medical marijuana is produced mainly from variants of Cannabis sativa that have been selectively bred to maximize their concentration in cannabinoids. Cannabis ruderalis is almost exclusively grown due to its naturally occurring very small quantities of THC. The major and arguably the only difference between industrial hemp and medical marijuana is that industrial hemp is exclusively made from Cannabis sativa that was specifically bred to produce the lowest concentrations of THC possible.
Hemp-producing cannabis has tall, fibrous stalks that are very strong and have very few flowering buds. On the on the other hand, marijuana strains are short, bushy, and have high amounts of THC. Since industrial hemp is naturally rich in CBD and has been bred to have only trace amounts of THC, many people today are turning to industrial hemp products as an alternative to medical marijuana.
Medical marijuana is not legal in all states in the US and many countries worldwide, while products made from industrial hemp can be a safe and legal alternative. Industrial hemp products are completely safe, as they are made according to federal standards and are produced in FDA-registered facilities within the US.
Most of our readers know you can get Cannabidiol CBD products made from industrial hemp. Many of you also know that you can get CBD products from medical marijuana. Yes, medical marijuana can contain any level of THC whereas CBD products from industrial hemp contain negligible amounts.
But what about the CBD? In regards to its chemical composition, which is precisely known to scientists, CBD remains unchanged regardless of which plant produces it. There is no room for different interpretations and the substance is just that. This is pure chemistry and allows no room for ambiguity. However, the main question people have is not just about the CBD compound, which is constant from plant to plant, but the actual difference in CBD oil from various plants.
The production of hemp oil involves extracting the fatty acids from the stalks of the cannabis plant. Within these fatty acids fat-soluble substances can be found, and as cannabinoids are fat-soluble, they come out of the plant, dissolved in the oil. The main difference between the two remains that CBD oil from medical marijuana can contain any varying amount of THC.
As industrial hemp is naturally high in CBD and contains only traces of THC, the hemp oil produced from it is safe and non-psychotropic. This CBD oil is actually a lot different than the oil produced by extracting the fatty acids of the cannabis plants that are bred for soothing purposes. But those make up a much smaller percentage of the overall volume and are not as pronounced in their effects as CBD or THC are.
CBD Information – The Ultimate Cannabidiol Information Guide
When comparing Hemp vs Marijuana, this is a huge distinction; while Hemp contains a very low concentration of THC (% or less), Marijuana. At the most fundamental level, THC and CBD are different because of their differing physiological effects. CBD is non-psychotropic and. Every strain of bud that you can purchase at a dispensary will be labeled with its THC and CBD content, which can be helpful when choosing.