Hemp Oil, CBD Oil, Cannabis Oil are all common phrases used. There are some major differences to each that you need to understand before. Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a chemical compound in marijuana with a variety of CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant, then. Learn all about CBD oil a naturally occurring compound found in the resinous flower of cannabis, a plant with a rich history going back thousands of years.
or Hemp Oil, What Cannabidiol is CBD
There have been certain studies that found statistically significant correlations between long-term use of THC and certain psychiatric disorders , including schizophrenia, depression, and psychosis. However, we must note here that in scientific studies such as these, correlation does not imply causation; that is, the usage of THC might be linked to psychiatric disorders without necessarily being that root cause of them. Much like lighters are linked to smoking, but possession of a lighter does not necessarily mean you are a smoker.
The CBD vs THC debate is something that often crops up in the circles of cannabis users, and it mainly stems from misinformation that surrounds these substances. Science is an evolving process and it pays to stay up to date, especially on new industries like CBD.
First off, you should know the basics of what CBD is. Simply put, cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the cannabis plant. Together they are responsible for the benefits and drawbacks to medical marijuana and industrial hemp-based products. But there are also several other types of cannabinoids you should know about too.
There are also cannabinoids manufactured via chemical reactions in laboratories, known as synthetic cannabinoids. So now that you understand what a cannabinoid is, how does CBD work with your body? As we just stated, the endocannabinoid system includes a number of specialized cell receptors in the brain and in various other organs throughout the body. These receptors fall into two types: CB1 receptors are found mainly in the brain but also in the liver, kidneys, and lungs , while CB2 receptors are found mainly in the immune system.
As we discussed above, there are several types of cannabinoids. Even within phytocannabinoids, there are wide ranges of compounds and effects that we are still learning about. Other cannabinoids, like CBD, have fewer direct effects on the endocannabinoid system keep this in mind as you read the next section. Cannabinoids represent a diverse class of chemical compounds that can be very different from each other. For example, arachidonoylethanolamine AEA is produced within the body and is thought to regulate several functions.
For example, CB1 receptors send signals that regulate senses, while cannabinoids that interact with CB2 receptors can at the same time affect gastrointestinal response and peripheral nervous system sensitivity. Also, since people often take numerous different cannabinoids together for example, using medical marijuana , it is hard to attribute specific effects to specific cannabinoids.
In addition, some cannabinoids interact synergistically, producing unique effects that are not found when using them individually. However, CBD does this and produces many other effects without directly interacting with the cannabinoid receptors. At first, scientists thought there was a third type of CB receptor just for Cannabidiol, but the answer was far more interesting and revealing. The indirect interactions of CBD with the endocannabinoid system has many effects, some of which surprised scientists and are still being researched.
However, scientists are still unclear about how some effects of Cannabidiol are actually occurring. The most possible explanation is via the hypothetical GPR55 receptor, or through more indirect and synergistic effects that still await discovery. Contrary to how most cannabinoids function, CBD interacts very mildly with the cannabinoid receptors themselves and instead either helps other cannabinoids to be better absorbed or stops the effects of whatever makes the receptors work less effectively.
The endocannabinoid system is closely interconnected with the nervous and immune system. You may have heard some people say that marijuana and hemp are exactly the same, while others swear they are different.
The debate of hemp vs marijuana is fueled by the confusion and misinformation that surround the cannabis plant. In this article, we will dispel several myths and shed light on the differences between industrial hemp and marijuana. As you may know, industrial hemp and marijuana come from the same genus of flowering plant— cannabis. This means that there may be multiple types of the cannabis plant, which are all cannabis but have remarkable differences.
Authors of a study published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine found that CBD significantly reduced chronic inflammation and pain in some mice and rats. The researchers suggested that the non-psychoactive compounds in marijuana, such as CBD, could provide a new treatment for chronic pain. Some promising evidence suggests that CBD use may help people to quit smoking.
A pilot study published in Addictive Behaviors found that smokers who used inhalers containing CBD smoked fewer cigarettes than usual and had no further cravings for nicotine.
A similar review, published in Neurotherapeutics found that CBD may be a promising treatment for people with opioid addiction disorders. The researchers noted that CBD reduced some symptoms associated with substance use disorders. These included anxiety , mood-related symptoms, pain, and insomnia. More research is necessary, but these findings suggest that CBD may help to prevent or reduce withdrawal symptoms. After researching the safety and effectiveness of CBD oil for treating epilepsy, the FDA approved the use of CBD Epidiolex as a therapy for two rare conditions characterized by epileptic seizures in The types of seizures that characterize LGS or DS are difficult to control with other types of medication.
The FDA specified that doctors could not prescribe Epidiolex for children younger than 2 years. A physician or pharmacist will determine the right dosage based on body weight. Authors of a review noted that CBD has anti-seizure properties and a low risk of side effects for people with epilepsy. Findings suggested that CBD may also treat many complications linked to epilepsy, such as neurodegeneration, neuronal injury, and psychiatric diseases.
Another study, published in Current Pharmaceutical Design, found that CBD may produce effects similar to those of certain antipsychotic drugs, and that the compound may provide a safe and effective treatment for people with schizophrenia.
However, further research is necessary. Some researchers have found that CBD may prove to combat cancer. Authors of a review published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology found evidence that CBD significantly helped to prevent the spread of cancer. The researchers also noted that the compound tends to suppress the growth of cancer cells and promote their destruction.
They pointed out that CBD has low levels of toxicity. They called for further research into its potential as an accompaniment to standard cancer treatments. Doctors often advise people with chronic anxiety to avoid cannabis, as THC can trigger or amplify feelings of anxiousness and paranoia. However, authors of a review from Neurotherapeutics found that CBD may help to reduce anxiety in people with certain related disorders. According to the review, CBD may reduce anxiety-related behaviors in people with conditions such as:.
The authors noted that current treatments for these disorders can lead to additional symptoms and side effects, which can cause some people to stop taking them.
No further definitive evidence currently links CBD to adverse effects, and the authors called for further studies of the compound as a treatment for anxiety. Type 1 diabetes results from inflammation that occurs when the immune system attacks cells in the pancreas.
Research published in by Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation found that CBD may ease this inflammation in the pancreas. This may be the first step in finding a CBD-based treatment for type 1 diabetes.
A paper presented in the same year in Lisbon, Portugal, suggested that CBD may reduce inflammation and protect against or delay the development of type 1 diabetes. Acne treatment is another promising use for CBD. The condition is caused, in part, by inflammation and overworked sebaceous glands in the body. A study published by the Journal of Clinical Investigation found that CBD helps to lower the production of sebum that leads to acne, partly because of its anti-inflammatory effect on the body.
Sebum is an oily substance, and overproduction can cause acne. Initial research published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease found that CBD was able to prevent the development of social recognition deficit in participants.
This means that CBD could help people in the early stages of Alzheimer's to keep the ability to recognize the faces of people that they know. This is the first evidence that CBD may slow the progression of Alzheimer's disease.
Cannabis is legal for either medicinal or recreational use in some American states. Other states have approved the use of CBD oil as a hemp product but not the general use of medical marijuana. Some state and federal laws differ, and current marijuana and CBD legislation in the U. There is an ever-changing number of states that do not necessarily consider marijuana to be legal but have laws directly related to CBD oil.
The following information is accurate as of May 8, , but the laws change frequently. However, state legislators generally approve the use of CBD oil at various concentrations to treat a range of epileptic conditions. A full list of states that have CBD-specific laws is available here.
Different states also require different levels of prescription to possess and use CBD oil. In Missouri, for example, a person can use CBD of a particular composition if they can show that three other treatment options have failed to treat their epilepsy. Anyone considering CBD oil should speak with a local healthcare provider. They can provide information about safe CBD sources and local laws surrounding usage. This is one of more than 80 active chemicals in marijuana. The new product was approved to treat seizures associated with two rare, severe forms of epilepsy in patients two years of age and older.
Many small-scale studies have looked into the safety of CBD in adults. They concluded that adults tend to tolerate a wide range of doses well. Researchers have found no significant side effects on the central nervous system , the vital signs, or mood, even among people who used high dosages. The most common side effect was tiredness. Also, some people reported diarrhea and changes in appetite or weight. Concerning the product that the FDA approved to treat two types of epilepsy, researchers noticed following adverse effects in clinical trials:.
The patient information leaflet notes that there is a risk of worsening depression or suicidal thoughts. It is important to monitor anyone who is using this drug for signs of mood change. Research suggests that a person taking the product is unlikely to form a dependency. There is often a lack of evidence regarding the safety of new or alternative treatment options. Usually, researchers have not performed the full array of tests.
CBD, which is often used in therapeutic and medical contexts, comes from the hemp part of the cannabis sativa plant, as does marijuana, but though they are both processed from the same component of the plant, CBD and marijuana are thought to be very different. People frequently wonder is CBD hemp oil marijuana? Or Is CBD marijuana? The answer is no. A big part of understanding what CBD is and whether or not CBD hemp oil is the same as marijuana is knowing what hemp is, and also what the cannabis plant is.
All-too-often terms like hemp, cannabis, and marijuana are used interchangeably, but this might not always be accurate.
Often hemp is extracted from the stem of the cannabis plant and is used to create fabrics, rope, and other materials. There are different varieties of the cannabis plant, and hemp is the nonpsychoactive type of cannabis. There have been moves in many states to legalize medical marijuana, at least in a limited way, in order to provide greater access to CBD for the treatment of certain medical conditions.
This brings about the importance of understanding the distinctions between industrial hemp-derived CBD and CBD derived from cannabis. So, is CBD hemp oil marijuana? No, not technically in most cases. Some proponents of industrial hemp-derived CBD cite problems including the fact that industrial hemp tends to have less cannabidiol than other cannabis strains.
When someone takes CBD, it impacts the endocannabinoid system which includes receptors that are located throughout the body and brain. CB1 receptors are found primarily in the central nervous system, although also in smaller amounts throughout the body including in the liver and lungs. CB1 receptors are part of how the body and the central nervous system produces and releases certain neurotransmitters, which is why there are psychoactive effects of using certain types of cannabis.
The CB1 receptors also deal with various processes in the liver, and they can impact things such as pleasure, appetite, and tolerance for pain. As was touched on, CB2 receptors interact with the immune system.
CBD activates receptors such as the serotonin and adenosine receptors. Because of the receptors activated by CBD, using CBD hemp oil can change things like pain perception and inflammation. CBD also activates the adenosine receptors, which helps with anxiety because these receptors release dopamine.
In some cases when people take higher concentrations of CBD it may activate the 5-HTIA receptor, which is a serotonin receptor, and this is why people feel CBD has an anti-depressant effect. Also important to understand when looking at how CBD works is the fact that when someone takes it, it blocks the psychoactive effects of THC, so people can take advantage of what some say are the benefits of CBD without the mind-altering effects of THC. There are several steps that go into making CBD oil, particularly when it comes to producing a high-quality product.
Choosing high-quality plants are relevant because the right plant strains will be naturally high in CBD. Once plants are grown, they may be turned into CBD oil using something called a whole plant extraction process, or manufacturers may isolate what they determine is pure CBD. With this, there are various pressure and temperature controls that have to be monitored as the CO2 is pushed through the plant.
The cannabinoid solution needed for the CBD oil then reacts and separates from the rest of the plant. THC is a shorter name for tetrahydrocannabinol. People have cannabinoid receptors throughout their central nervous system that influence things like thinking, coordination, and memory. When you use marijuana, the THC found in the substance attaches to these receptors, thus the changes in things like sensory and time perception that may occur when a person is high.
Cannabinoids, on the other hand, are just another compound found in these plants, both marijuana and hemp. THC can affect your body in many ways because when you use it, your brain is then triggered to release the chemical dopamine. This is why you may experience a euphoric high, and this is not unlike what happens with other drugs. THC also changes how information is processed in your brain, particularly in the hippocampus.
When someone takes THC, it will usually start to affect them in anywhere from 10 to 20 minutes, and these effects may last for up to two hours.
People are eating larger quantities of these edibles and thereby ingesting more THC as well. Despite the potential risk, there is some evidence that THC and marijuana may be helpful for cancer patients and other medicinal purposes.
In some cases, researchers are working on extracting THC from marijuana for FDA-approved drugs to help with symptoms such as nausea and loss of appetite. There are differences in the amount of THC in cannabis as well. Hemp is an example of a type of cannabis with a low THC concentration. There are some strains of cannabis with as little as 0.
The ABCs of CBD oil: Cannabidiol from hemp
CBD Information Guide - There's a lot of confusing cannabidiol information online , so we broke down the wordy facts for you! Here's our easy & basic guide to. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are the two primary cannabinoids that occur naturally in the Cannabis sativa plant, most commonly known. MONDAY, May 7, (HealthDay News) -- Cannabidiol (CBD) oil has Cannabidiol is extracted from the flowers and buds of marijuana or hemp plants.