The Future of CBD in DC. It's been four years since DC residents passed Initiative 71, which basically granted every adult in the city to possess up to 2 oz of. Though it’s often extracted from cannabis plants, you don’t need a medical marijuana card or to go into a cannabis dispensary in order to buy CBD products. This past April, Moorenko’s in Silver Spring began offering three blends of coffee infused with CBD from Flower Power. CBD oil is being spotted more and more in health stores around the In these states (and D.C.), simply go to a dispensary and you will be able.
CBD DC The Future of in
So far, the early results have been positive. Below, we break down not only the history of CBD as a panacea for a variety of ailments, but also highlight recent research that suggests the cannabinoid could be used to treat even more diseases, psychological disorders, and body problems than previously expected. Understanding the availability of CBD in both hemp and cannabis obviously involves a solid comprehension on the part of the reader regarding the difference between these two plants.
In terms of their relationship, hemp and cannabis are the same species, cannabis sativa. To qualify as hemp, a plant must contain no more than 0. When hemp and cannabis plants are young in their pre-flowering vegetative stage , they are indistinguishable. It is only after the plants begin to flower that they display characteristics indicative of the presence or absence of THC. However, just as humans breed horses and dogs, so too are there active communities of cannabis and hemp breeders throughout the world.
Each of these strains contains a unique and delicate balance of up to cannabinoids what has been discovered to date, though others are found each year. Just as humans express their genetic heritage with different eye and hair colors, individual strains of cannabis and hemp offer different levels of cannabinoids like CBD. Thus, one strain of hemp may contain very high levels of CBD, while others offer relatively little. Many consumers seek CBD derived from industrial hemp simply for legal reasons or because they want to ensure that they avoid the psychoactive effects of THC.
The human body does not care where the molecule comes from. CBD is an increasingly popular medication sought by consumers for treatment of both minor and major ailments. However, the medical properties of hemp and cannabis have been known for thousands of years. More than 5, years ago, Chinese physicians prescribed tinctures and topicals for a wide range of ailments. During the 19th century — before the advent of marijuana prohibition in — cannabis tinctures were a common sight on the shelves of pharmacies and drug stores throughout the United States.
While crude by modern standards, medical cannabis tinctures were typically produced using an alcohol solvent to remove the resinous medicine from the flowers of the plant. Although the doctors and patients years ago were unaware of the molecular science behind their trusted medicines, it was primarily the cannabinoids CBD and THC that were delivering their relief. CBD is unique among the dozens of cannabinoids commonly found in cannabis.
To fully understand its power, however, one must first gain an elemental knowledge of how such cannabinoids interact with the human body to provide medical efficacy. All mammals, including humans, feature an endocannabinoid system, sometimes referred to as the ECS. The ECS is characterized by different types of receptors sometimes called receptor sites designed specifically to bind with particular cannabinoids.
CB1 receptors are found throughout the brain and central nervous system, while CB2 receptors are scattered throughout the body in the organs and tissues related to the immune system.
CBD has what is called a high binding affinity with the CB2 receptors of the immune system. Other cannabinoids also bind with CB2 receptors, but with a lower affinity and, thus, decreased potency and medical benefits. In addition to its power to kill cancer tumors, reduce pain and inflammation, and decrease seizure activity, CBD also stimulates bone growth and healing.
It joins other medicinal cannabinoids, like CBC cannabichromene and CBN cannabinol , in acting as a powerful sleep aid in the treatment of insomnia. CBD oil — derived from either hemp or cannabis — is an increasingly popular treatment therapy for sufferers of epilepsy.
Often, traditional pharmaceutical drugs are ineffective in helping to reduce the number of seizures suffered by such patients. However, when given CBD, many epileptic patients experience a reduction in their number of seizures.
CBD oil is a popular therapy for childhood and adult epilepsy sufferers because so many of them find no relief whatsoever in traditional pharmaceutical drugs. During my first cultivation I would collect data, and as they scaled up, I did more experiments. But one of the first true experiments I did … was with UVB in an indoor cultivation. We were trying to see if UV radiation would stimulate the plant to create either more cannabinoids or more terpenes.
The testing was all done by The Werc Shop lab — this had to be around They were very generous, not only by not charging for testing, but also by participating in the sampling process. Yes, Werc has been in the forefront for testing and trying to educate and professionalize the industry.
Now, the mathematical input here is kind of fascinating. How else has that helped you? One specific thing it really helped me create was [with] plant breeding, which I developed, using math, what I called the "Holmes Matrix. For cultivation, the name of the game is efficiency, and increasing yields and quality, and you really can't do that without data and data analysis.
So that was just an opportunity that came up? I mean, working for JPL, it must have been [laughs] pretty interesting, right? I … was a part-time math professor for many years We were calibrating a camera that would be mounted on a telescope that searched for extra-solar planets. Now, after building these grows for the collectives, how did Clade9 begin to do business out of state? A friend of mine in the industry introduced me to a group from Arizona. They were having trouble designing their facility and were trying to find professional cultivators.
They showed me a really inefficient cultivation design that was 10 years outdated. So I pushed on them that they were going to lose tons of money if they did it this way. And, luckily, they agreed and scrapped the design.
We just built it up my way. The dispensary and cultivation [operation] is Herbal Wellness, in Phoenix. Ever since our cultivation produced, about a year and a half ago, they've done really well. They were on the Leafly list as the No. We parsed their 30,square-foot warehouse out into three phases. We built out Phase One, which is about lights.
Phase Two is under construction now, which adds another lights, and that should be done in the next couple weeks. We built it out as a perpetual harvest. We have five flowering rooms, a mother room and a veg room — pretty standard — and … the ownership had a specific budget, so we designed it … as a very basic Our first harvest was about 1.
Flowering rooms are staggered in development, so one is harvested every two weeks. And was that just a standard, four-by-eight trays in aisles kind of a setup? It was your standard — each reflector covering a 4-foot by 4-foot space, and we have 9- or foot ceilings. Because they were able to start making money on Phase One with the cultivation, Phase Two is much more Phase Two takes into consideration all the greenhouse tech that's coming into the industry, which is really the trend right now in indoor cultivation — increasing efficiency using things like rolling benches, foot ceilings and Gavita lighting which have a larger footprint , and using fertigation a greenhouse-style irrigation system that's completely automated.
Also, they'll be harvesting a room every week from this build, instead of every two weeks like the first one. So you got better bulbs. You don't have as many aisles now. You probably have one aisle per room, right?
The name of the game is … increasing the canopy size in the rooms and making the lighting uniform. In indoor cultivation, the key is obviously the genetics, plant nutrition and environmental control. All aspects of atmosphere control are incredibly important.
So you're using AC and dehumidifiers. Are you filtering air coming in? I think, also, as the industry evolves, one of the things people have to start paying close attention to is the state testing. In Nevada, the state is requiring testing of every batch, and every batch has to pass testing for heavy metals, fungicides, pesticides, bacteria; so when you design a grow room nowadays, you really have to consider that.
Even in California, we still don't have any regulations, but in two years, three years, those regulations are going to come down. I'm assuming they're going to be very strict.
So if you have a grow room that's built now, without the clean room protocols In our Vegas facility, which will be complete in about three weeks, we're going to have all of those protocols to ensure that we pass state testing.
These places also need cleanliness in terms of the workforce. So you have to have a change of uniform, footwear, things like that, so you're not bringing in pests, or funguses, or whatever.
No question about it. You walk on your lawn, you bring in spider mites, or you've been to another facility and bring broad mites into a 40,square-foot facility, and it's over. We instill a clean-room protocol now, where you walk in and dip your feet in a bleach solution. Then you have to put on different shoes and basically a space suit — gloves, mask, hair net, everything. Then you can enter the facility.
You really have to treat it as a clean room you'd design for a space ship going to Mars. Right, because once it's infected, you have to close it down and disinfect, and then you're months away from your next harvest.
A lot of newbie investors don't seem to realize how devastating it can be. Besides cultivation, it's also extraction and edibles. They have a dispensary, so there's packaging and lots of other aspects of the facility. They have around 30 employees just at the warehouse. These aren't your employees, right? How many employees does Clade9 provide?
We only have one official Clade9 employee on site. When we do a cultivation facility, part of what we do is design the protocols and management, get plants in the ground, growing and cultivating, and then train them and get them used to the system over the next year and a half, and this particular individual works with the grow teams day-to-day, overseeing the cultivation.
I know you have a huge arsenal of genetics back there. You're crossing various things and trying to develop one strong with terpenes and different cannabinoids, that sort of thing, right? I do a lot of breeding, and the way I do it, I think, is a lot more technical than most.
I go beyond just a traditional plant breeding. So, typically, every time we finish a round of phenotypes we've created, we take maybe the top 20 or 30 — and have them lab tested for cannabinoids and terpenes.
The lab testing and terpene analysis only tell you so much. So many other factors determine if a strain is going to be popular or not, and the smoking effect is a huge part of that.
You mentioned Las Vegas. Tell us about the approach you've done there. One of the biggest trends I mentioned earlier is a lot of greenhouse technology coming into indoor cultivation. In Big Ag [agriculture], they've been doing this for decades and haven't had to worry about being raided by police, so they could put a lot of resources into these facilities and designs, and have professionals look at things.
Now that the [cannabis] industry is gaining credibility, that's what's happening. So we brought a lot of that greenhouse tech indoors into Vegas, and also took into consideration that we had to be very, very clean. For odor, we're using your standard carbon scrubbing with an ozone generation that's vented out of the facility. And then, there's also a technology called AiroCide, that we're going to be employing, which was, I think, originally developed by NASA to stop fruit from spoiling on the space station.
So we hope it would eliminate a lot of the pathogens. It was, and it varied by the municipality. But, we decided that it's going to be better for the neighbors anyway. That's definitely one thing I learned about being in California: In Vegas, the heat is obviously a huge concern and expense. So what are you using to control the atmosphere? It does a lot of things we need to do for indoor cannabis cultivation — cooling a room that has a lot of heat-generating technology, and keeping the room's humidity in check.
It's all going to be a tank system, so one of the great things about being in a regulated state is that You're doing hydro in Vegas. What medium and kind of system are you using?
We're, using rockwool drain-to-waste — on tables, basically. We're going to use six-inch rockwool cubes, on tables, for the flowering rooms. And our mothers are going to be in coco pots, maybe three- to five-gallon. I've always been a fan of feeding rockwool more than less, so, anywhere from six to eight feedings a day. If you miss a feeding with rockwool, it dries out so quickly you can lose your plants.
In indoor facilities, hydroponic is the safest way to go. It's certainly the most controllable. I imagine after all this time you've been growing, you've probably tried just about every indoor light source? I have never used plasma lighting, but I think I've used all the rest of them — the LEDs, the fluorescents, and now I've even been doing ceramic bulbs.
Have you tried those yet? It's something I really want to experiment with. We've done testing mainly on HIDs [high-intensity discharge], obviously single-ended and double-ended bulbs. We've done testing with fluorescent lighting, T5s, and with LEDs. So, what about the future here?
How do you think this is all going to work out? The data shows that extraction is getting more popular, and extraction is easier to make a consistent product, so obviously the future is extraction, probably things like vape pens and edibles.
And indoor cultivation is expensive and takes a lot of power. There are a lot of upfront costs, and obvioulsy outdoor and greenhouse are cheaper. But, I think, still — because of the environmental control you have indoors for really high-grade, connoisseur flower, I don't think indoor will [go away].
I tend to agree with you. I think the indoor product will be around forever. It's just a matter of how large a piece of the pie it's going to have. Mel Frank has been writing about cannabis since His photographs have been made into posters, calendars and trading cards, and reproduced as art, and hundreds have appeared in books by Rob Clarke, Ken Morrow, Ed Rosenthal and Jorge Cervantes.
He has lectured at Oaksterdam University and judged numerous cannabis competitions in the United States and the Netherlands. He currently collaborates with a network of cannabis researchers, works as a consultant and is the senior advisor to several California-based marijuana companies.
The legal cannabis industry is at a crossroads. With mainstream approval growing, legal hurdles are being cleared in state after state, paving the way for an inevitable legalization of medical cannabis on the national level.
Ultimately, this is an industry just like any other. Cannabis cultivators and distributors are responsible for providing their employees with a safe and healthful work environment, and you would be well-advised to address safety before OSHA regulations come crashing down on your business.
New businesses and industries do not have the luxury of not knowing about Safety and Health laws. In August, OSHA will be raising penalties for violations — which has not happened since — and they are expected to rise by 80 percent per citation. On top of that, OSHA will be allowed to adjust its penalty levels based on inflation going forward. This is unprecedented and will affect all industries, including the seedling that is the legal marijuana industry. The stakes are high, and with the nation steadily moving toward legalization, now is the time for the legal cannabis industry to get ahead of regulators and make safety a top priority.
By creating a safe work space for employees, employers are protecting their businesses and their employees. We are not experts in the cannabis industry.
We have found that regardless of the industry you are in, a comprehensive written safety program is the foundation for a safe workplace. Not only is the written program required by OSHA, but when used correctly, it prevents and reduces work-related injuries. Insurance companies, too, are requiring comprehensive written safety programs, tying them to lower rates. While the amount of information the employer is required to know in order to be compliant can be daunting, four components should be covered in your safety program to avoid a citation and provide the required safe workplace:.
It should identify all aspects of your operations and the hazards associated with each procedure, and implement control measures to eliminate those hazards. It should cover such things as employee and management safety responsibilities, incident reporting and response, emergency action plans, disciplinary action, workplace violence and harassment, vehicle safety, proper use of tools and equipment, electrical safety, Personal Protective Equipment and any applicable hazardous materials.
OSHA requires specific written procedures for safety specific to any hazardous materials in your operations. These must include training for those materials and chemicals, and include the Safety Data Sheets and corresponding information. Employee training is another OSHA requirement. Train your employees on rules and safety procedures and requirements, and in the proper use of tools.
Document the training, and have your employees sign off on it. Safety training not only cuts down on workplace injuries, but also protects you, the employer. OSHA accepts, as training, in-house safety meetings that go over safety requirements with employees, as long as the required topics are covered per OSHA regulations. A working safety program needs a component of accountability, through written warnings and disciplinary action for safety infractions. If your safety program is unenforceable, it has already failed.
Your disciplinary actions should be written into the safety program, and employees should be trained on what is expected.
The CBD Big Picture (and We Mean Big)
The Future of Relaxation May Be At Eaze, The Amazon of CBD as well as Washington, D.C. It's basically the online-casino-player.info of “licensed and. Marijuana laws and culture in Washington, D.C, are unlike anything will affect the future of legal marijuana in the city, but the epidemic is CBD goes mainstream as bars and coffee shops add weed-related drinks to menus. Barbara Biddle. Barbara Biddle's square-foot shop just south of Washington D.C. is an oasis for East Coast hemp enthusiasts. Despite its.