Oral Anabolic Steroids (Androgens) Side Effects and List of NamesThere are several different forms of steroid medicines. The form discussed in this leaflet is the tablet form, taken by mouth, called oral steroid side effects oral. Other types of steroids include nicht steroidale medikamente rheumatoide arthritis, inhalers, drops and sprays. Steroids also known as cortisone or dide are chemicals hormones that occur naturally in the body. Steroids decrease inflammation, suppress the body's immune system, block DNA from being made, as well as blocking a chemical called histamine released during an allergic reaction. Steroid medicines are man-made but are similar to these natural hormones.
Prednisone Side Effects, Dosage, Uses & Withdrawal Symptoms
Corticosteroid drugs — including cortisone, hydrocortisone and prednisone — are useful in treating many conditions, such as rashes, lupus and asthma. But these drugs also carry a risk of serious side effects. Working with your doctor, you can take steps to reduce these side effects so that the benefits of corticosteroid treatment outweigh the risks. Corticosteroids mimic the effects of hormones your body produces naturally in your adrenal glands, which sit on top of your kidneys.
When prescribed in doses that exceed your body's usual levels, corticosteroids suppress inflammation. This can reduce the signs and symptoms of inflammatory conditions, such as arthritis and asthma. Corticosteroids also suppress your immune system, which can help control conditions in which your immune system mistakenly attacks its own tissues.
Corticosteroid drugs are used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, asthma, allergies and many other conditions. They also treat Addison's disease, a condition where the adrenal glands aren't able to produce even the minimum amount of corticosteroid that the body needs.
And these drugs also help suppress the immune system in order to prevent organ rejection in transplant recipients. Corticosteroids carry a risk of side effects, some of which can cause serious health problems.
When you know what side effects are possible, you can take steps to control their impact. Side effects of oral corticosteroids Because oral corticosteroids affect your entire body instead of just a particular area, this route of administration is the most likely to cause significant side effects. Side effects depend on the dose of medication you receive and may include:. Side effects of inhaled corticosteroids When using inhaled corticosteroids, some of the drug may deposit in your mouth and throat instead of making it to your lungs.
If you gargle and rinse your mouth with water — don't swallow — after each puff on your corticosteroid inhaler, you may be able to avoid mouth and throat irritation. Some researchers have speculated that inhaled corticosteroid drugs may slow growth rates in children who use them for asthma.
Side effects of topical corticosteroids Topical corticosteroids can lead to thin skin, red skin lesions and acne. Side effects of injected corticosteroids Injected corticosteroids can cause temporary side effects near the site of the injection.
These may include skin thinning, loss of color in the skin, facial flushing, insomnia and high blood sugar. Doctors usually limit corticosteroid injections to three or four a year, depending on each patient's situation. Corticosteroids may cause a range of side effects. But they may also relieve the inflammation, pain and discomfort of many different diseases and conditions. If you work with your doctor to make choices that minimize side effects, you may achieve significant benefits with a reduced risk of such problems.
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A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Prednisone and other corticosteroids. Free E-newsletter Subscribe to Housecall Our general interest e-newsletter keeps you up to date on a wide variety of health topics. Prednisone and other corticosteroids Weigh the benefits and risks of corticosteroids, such as prednisone, when choosing a medication.
By Mayo Clinic Staff. References Bolognia JL, et al. Adkinson NF, et al. Pharmacologic use of glucocorticoids. Firestein GS, et al. Kelley's Textbook of Rheumatology. Brunton LL, et al. The McGraw-Hill Companies; Jameson JL, et al. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; Judd LL, et al. Adverse consequences of glucocorticoid medication: Psychological, cognitive and behavioral effects. American Journal of Psychiatry. Saag KG, et al. Major side effects of systemic glucocorticoids.
American College of Rheumatology. Accessed May 1, Healthy diet in adults. Wyand CM, et al. Giant-cell arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica. New England Journal of Medicine. Joint injections joint aspirations. Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary. Can it relieve MS fatigue? Acute sinusitis Acute sinusitis: Do over-the-counter treatments help?
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