Growth hormone 1GHD can be present at birth or develop later in life. Treatment is by growth hormone replacement. Severe prenatal deficiency of GH, as occurs in congenital hypopituitarismhas little hgh human growth hormone wikipedia on fetal growth. However, prenatal and congenital deficiency can reduce the size of a male's penisespecially when gonadotropins are also deficient. Besides micropenis in males, additional consequences of severe deficiency in the first days of life can include hypoglycemia and exaggerated jaundice both direct and indirect hyperbilirubinemia.
Growth hormone - Wikipedia
The following is a list of hormones found in Homo sapiens. Spelling is not uniform for many hormones. Amino acids are derived from protein in food. The "non-essential" amino acids may be formed from other amino acids in the liver through transamination.
Inhibit immune response, towards the human embryo. Release Insulin-like growth factor 1 from liver. Stimulates contraction of cervix and vagina.
Involved in orgasm , trust between people,  and circadian homeostasis body temperature, activity level, wakefulness. Enhances effects of cholecystokinin Stops production of gastric juice. Reduces smooth muscle contractions and blood flow within the intestine  Inhibit release of insulin from beta cells  Inhibit release of glucagon from alpha cells  Suppress the exocrine secretory action of pancreas.
Prevent apoptosis of germ cells . Inhibition of glucose uptake in muscle and adipose tissue Mobilization of amino acids from extrahepatic tissues Stimulation of fat breakdown in adipose tissue anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive. Increase absorption of calcium and phosphate from gastrointestinal tract and kidneys inhibit release of PTH. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology. Thyroid hormone T 3 T 4 Calcitonin Thyroid axis.
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To a minor degree than ANP reduce blood pressure by: Release of digestive enzymes from pancreas Release of bile from gallbladder Hunger suppressant. Release ACTH from anterior pituitary. Smooth muscle contraction of medium-sized vessels. Secretion of gastric acid by parietal cells. Stimulate appetite , secretion of growth hormone from anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates the adenylyl cyclase pathway, resulting in increased synthesis and release of insulin.
Release GH from anterior pituitary. Sertoli cells of testes granulosa cells of ovary trophoblasts in fetus. Inhibit production of FSH. Intake of glucose , glycogenesis and glycolysis in liver and muscle from blood intake of lipids and synthesis of triglycerides in adipocytes Other anabolic effects.
Insulin-like growth factor or somatomedin. Muscle Brain Pancreas Testes. Favors muscle function, memory formation, testosterone synthesis and energy expenditure . Self-regulation of pancreatic secretions endocrine and exocrine.
It also affects hepatic glycogen levels and gastrointestinal secretions. Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide.
Release prolactin from anterior pituitary. Corpus luteum , Uterus , placenta , and Mammary gland. Activates the renin—angiotensin system by producing angiotensin I of angiotensinogen.
Secretion of bicarbonate from liver , pancreas and duodenal Brunner's glands Enhances effects of cholecystokinin Stops production of gastric juice. Inhibit release of GH and TRH from anterior pituitary Suppress release of gastrin , cholecystokinin CCK , secretin , motilin , vasoactive intestinal peptide VIP , gastric inhibitory polypeptide GIP , enteroglucagon in gastrointestinal system Lowers rate of gastric emptying Reduces smooth muscle contractions and blood flow within the intestine  Inhibit release of insulin from beta cells  Inhibit release of glucagon from alpha cells  Suppress the exocrine secretory action of pancreas.
Thyroid-stimulating hormone or thyrotropin. Release thyroid-stimulating hormone primarily Stimulate prolactin release. Vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor. Zona fasciculata and Zona reticularis cells of kidney theca cells of ovary Leydig cells of testes. Testosterone is converted to 5-DHT by 5alpha-reductase, usually with in the target tissues of 5-DHT because of the need for high concentrations of 5-dht to produce the physiological effects.
Stimulation of gluconeogenesis Inhibition of glucose uptake in muscle and adipose tissue Mobilization of amino acids from extrahepatic tissues Stimulation of fat breakdown in adipose tissue anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive. Granulosa cells theca cells of ovary. Decrease uterine smooth muscle contractility  Inhibit lactation Inhibit onset of labor Support fetal production of adrenal mineralo- and glucosteroids Other: Raise epidermal growth factor-1 levels Increase core temperature during ovulation  Reduce spasm and relax smooth muscle widen bronchi and regulate mucus Antiinflammatory.
Regulate immune response Reduce gall-bladder activity  Normalize blood clotting and vascular tone, zinc and copper levels, cell oxygen levels, and use of fat stores for energy Assist in thyroid function and bone growth by osteoblasts Resilience in bone , teeth , gums , joint , tendon , ligament and skin healing by regulating collagen Nerve function and healing by regulating myelin Prevent endometrial cancer by regulating effects of estrogen.
Calcitriol 1,dihydroxyvitamin D 3. Active form of vitamin D 3 Increase absorption of calcium and phosphate from gastrointestinal tract and kidneys inhibit release of PTH. Calcidiol hydroxyvitamin D 3. Inactive form of vitamin D 3. Testis testosterone AMH inhibin.