Doping in East GermanyThese sportsmen and women were already standouts in the domestic scene top east german athletes the GDR. But, after the Berlin Wall came down and German reunification took place in they really went how to boost testosterone levels in females to make a name for themselves. She first won Olympic gold in in Barcelona though, in the long jump. Inin Sydney, she athlftes to repeat her success. Although at the beginning of the s her doping and Stasi past was uncovered, she still top east german athletes a popular athlete across Germany. Inthe then year-old Franziska van Almsick turned plenty of heads when she broke a world record in the 50 meter freestyle.
East German athletes who thrived after reunification | All media content | DW |
This was the last of three German Olympic committees of the time. It was not recognized by the IOC for over a decade. After the division of Germany following World War II , three separate states had been founded under occupation.
After the Allies denied attempts made in to continue the participation of Germany at the Olympics , no German team could participate in the games. This was later recognized by the IOC as representing both German states. This was denied by the IOC. They agreed to participate in German athletes from the two remaining states competed at the Olympic Games in , and as the United Team of Germany.
Following this, the GDR ceased participation in the United German team and sent a separate East German team from to , other than absences in the summer of in support of the Soviet-led boycott of the Summer Olympics. While the GDR, a small state with a population of about 16 million, has a short history, and even a shorter history at the Olympics, it was extremely successful. From to , it came second in all three of their summer Olympics, behind the Soviet Union, and well ahead of larger West Germany.
This was improved upon at five winter games, with 4 second-place rankings and a first in the Winter Olympics. It is widely believed that doping predominantly anabolic steroids allowed East Germany, with its small population, to become a world leader in the following two decades. It won a large number of Olympic and world gold medals and records.
A number of athletes subsequently failed doping tests and others were suspected of taking performance-enhancing drugs. As a result, the majority of records and medals won by East German athletes still stand. Aside from an extensive doping programme, East Germany invested significantly in sport, particularly in Olympic sports, for reasons of prestige, propaganda and rivalry with West Germany.
It had an extensive state bureaucracy to select and train promising athletes and world-class coaches. He is considered to be the organiser of the "GDR sports miracle". His post autobiography was titled " I was the Sport ". He fell from grace in , having been removed from the office of DTSB. In , he was found guilty of doping. The German Democratic Republic ceased to exist in , joining the Federal Republic of Germany in the process of German reunification. German athletes competed at the Olympic Games as a single team again from onwards.
Athletes from the Eastern part of Germany contributed disproportionately to the medals won by Germany, particularly in the first decade after reunification. This is thought to indicate that doping was not the only reason East Germany was so successful and more successful than West Germany in particular in the Olympics, with professional training conditions also being significant. The practice of doping was implemented by a separate state, a former rival who was far less successful.
The medal tally of reunited Germany after was more comparable to that of East Germany before than of West Germany before For example, of the twenty nine medals Germany won in the Winter Olympics East German born containing one-fifth of the population of Germany athletes won fourteen six gold.
West German athletes won only nine medals three gold , with six medals won in mixed teams. In recent years, some centres of German top-class sport have relocated to the West, for example winter sports to Bavaria. However, the East is still performing better than the West. Trainers from East Germany e. Also, many top-class German athletes who today live in the western part of Germany started their professional sport careers in the East, and can be seen as part of the large-scale exodus of young people from the East to the West since reunification.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. All-time Olympic Games medal count. East Germany at the Olympics. East Germany did not participate in due to a boycott.
Gold Silver Bronze Total Summer Olympic Games