Dangers & Health Risks of Anabolic SteroidsHypertension Increased chance of injury to tendons, ligaments and muscles Jaundice, trembling, aching joints Bad Breath Users can become addicted. In an effort to better understand the wteroids of long-term anabolic steroid use on the heart, cardiologist and researcher Aaron L. Baggish, MD, of Harvard Medical School primo orals steroids Massachusetts General Hospital performed heart the dangers of anabolic steroids testing on weightlifters — steroid users and non-users. Groups were similar Muscle mass: Steroid users had more than the non-users. This measurement is known as ejection fraction.
Anabolic Steroids - Abuse, Side Effects and Safety
Anabolic steroids are synthetic substances that relate to testosterone. These chemical substances exist in more than forms, according to the Center for Substance Abuse Research. These steroids are available in creams and gels, capsules, tablets, and via an injectable solution. Anabolic steroids can be used in a legal fashion when prescribed by a physician.
They can even be imported and exported legally if the individual does so in person. Research on the prevalence of steroid use and abuse among adults is limited. In the mids, roughly 1,, American adults admitted to using steroids, the National Institute on Drug Abuse reports. Since then, the focus has primarily been on sports figures and teenagers.
Abuse of these drugs among teens was steadily, with around one in 20 teens abusing the drugs, as of , a Journal of Pediatrics study conveyed. The Journal of Drug and Alcohol Dependence published a review in that noted the only significant increase in steroid abuse among college students over an eight-year span was seen in men who reported past-year abuse of anabolic steroids.
Abuse of steroids may actually be one of the easiest forms of substance abuse to spot. The signs of it can show up in a lot of physical and external ways that are apparent to others. Steroids typically cause increased growth of skeletal muscle and the development of androgynous physical characteristics.
Signs of abuse include:. Steroid abuse is quite common among athletes. The American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation reported the results of a study that polled retired National Football League players and touted that nearly one in 10 of them had used steroids. Steroid use among the group also correlated with higher risks of injury.
Steroid abuse is even more common among professional bodybuilders. A Journal of Drug Education study noted 54 percent of male bodybuilders and 10 percent of female bodybuilders abused steroids. Men do abuse steroids more than women in general. Among adolescents, lifetime use of steroids ranges from 4 percent to 12 percent in males and 0.
People who abuse anabolic steroids often think if they do so in a certain manner that they can eliminate or reduce the risks involved with using them.
Some people stack different kinds of steroids; this just means they use more than one kind at a time. While the overall co-occurrence of mental illness and substance abuse is high, individuals who abuse anabolic steroids are a little different than people who abuse other drugs. Since they are unhappy with their body the way it is, there may be a correlation between eating disorders and low self-esteem, which can contribute to the formation of depression.
Steroids are not like typical drugs that most people abuse. Kidney failure and liver damage have both been known to occur as a result of long-term steroid abuse. Steroids also increase the risk of stroke and heart attack by raising blood pressure, enlarging the heart, and increasing cholesterol. In addition, steroid abuse can lead to serious hormonal dysfunction and imbalance. Men may suffer from testicular shrinkage, sterility or lowered sperm count, and erectile dysfunction.
Women who abuse steroids may experience amenorrhea — a complete absence of their menstrual cycle. The opposite effect of most steroids may be seen in youths; many who abuse steroids stunt their growth, sometimes permanently. People who inject steroids also run the risk of contracting blood-borne diseases like HIV and hepatitis. There is a lot of misinformation looming around the addictive potential of steroids.
Dependency is indeed capable of forming with anabolic steroid abuse. This is evidenced by the withdrawal that occurs when people try to quit using them, and the compulsions they have to continue using regardless of what they have to do to make it happen and despite the poor effects on their health and relationships. During detox from steroids, antidepressants may be prescribed for individuals found to be suffering from depression or body dysmorphic disorder.
In some cases, hormone therapy may be needed to restore hormonal balance. In addition, pain relievers may be used to keep discomfort from withdrawal at bay. Symptoms experience during this period may include abdominal pain, lethargy, tiredness, vomiting, and diarrhea. Ongoing support is often necessary to keep individuals from relapsing and using steroids again.
Support groups can be a terrific way for individuals to forge friendships with others who have struggled with the same issues while also helping themselves heal from addiction. With comprehensive treatment and solid support, full recovery is possible.
Has addiction stolen your loved one? Take action and call or fill out this form to speak with a Treatment Consultant. Signs of Steroid Abuse Abuse of steroids may actually be one of the easiest forms of substance abuse to spot. Signs of abuse include: Breast growth Acne Rapid muscular development Severe mood swings Hostility and marked aggression High blood pressure.
Intense paranoia Jealousy Being highly irritable Poor judgement Delusions. Co-occurring Mental Illness While the overall co-occurrence of mental illness and substance abuse is high, individuals who abuse anabolic steroids are a little different than people who abuse other drugs.
Side Effects Steroids are not like typical drugs that most people abuse. When Help Is Needed There is a lot of misinformation looming around the addictive potential of steroids.