Anabolic SteroidsThe effects of long-term over several years anabolic androgen steroids AAS administration on human skeletal muscle are still unclear. In this study, seventeen strength training athletes were recruited medical journal anabolic steroids individually interviewed regarding self-administration of banned substances. Ten subjects admitted having taken AAS or AAS derivatives test cypionate and anavar cycle the past 5 to 15 years Doped and the dosage and type of banned substances were recorded. Medical journal anabolic steroids remaining seven subjects testified to having never used any banned substances Clean. For all subjects, maximal muscle sterolds and body composition were tested, and biopsies from the vastus lateralis muscle were obtained. Using histochemistry and immunohistochemistry IHCmuscle biopsies were evaluated for morphology including fiber type steeroids, fiber size, capillary variables and myonuclei.
Dying to be big: a review of anabolic steroid use. | British Journal of Sports Medicine
Because of recent anabolic steroid abuse scandals at all levels of athletic competition ranging from high school sports to the Olympics in Seoul, Korea, the investigators closely examined the anabolic steroid use histories of 20 competitive and noncompetitive weight lifters. Steroid efficacy studies only examine the anabolic effects of individual drugs. However, these 20 steroid users consistently practiced polypharmacy. During steroid use cycles lasting between 7 and 14 weeks, athletes commonly used two or three oral agents and two long-acting injectable products.
Dos ages of oral preparations tended to be similar to those used in efficacy studies, whereas dosages of the long- acting injectable agents were approximately three to eight times greater than those used in controlled stud ies.
Subjects reported significant increases in body weight and strength. In addition, mental status changes were reported that included symptoms of depression, hostility, aggression, and paranoia.
Based on the pat tern of anabolic steroid use currently being practiced in the United States, it is apparent that past efficacy and toxicology studies are of limited value in delineating the benefits and hazards of these drugs. If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download.
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