Harmful Effects Of Anabolic Steroids To Athletes Abstract

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  • Anabolic Steroids and the Adolescent Athlete
  • The actions and side effects of Anabolic Steroids in sport and social abuse | SpringerLink
  • Anabolic Steroids and the Adolescent Athlete | AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS | Pediatrics
  • Adverse effects of anabolic steroids in athletes. A constant threat. - PubMed - NCBI
  • The Use and Effect of Anabolic Androgenic Steroids in Sports
  • 10 HARMFUL Effects of Steroid Abuse

    Anabolic Steroids and the Adolescent Athlete

    harmful effects of anabolic steroids to athletes abstract Sign up for Insight Alerts highlighting editor-chosen studies with the greatest impact on clinical care. Video Abstracts -- brief videos summarizing key findings of new articles. Their use is widespread among harmful effects of anabolic steroids to athletes abstract and college-level athletes, particularly in football players and weight lifters. These illicitly obtained drugs are readily available to athletes of almost any age; therefore, pediatricians must be concerned about the abuse of these drugs among winstrol depot orally patients. Inthe International Olympic Committee on Drugs banned the use of anabolic steroids by competitors and placed severe sanctions on violators.

    The actions and side effects of Anabolic Steroids in sport and social abuse | SpringerLink

    harmful effects of anabolic steroids to athletes abstract

    This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, learn more at http: December , Anabolic steroids AS derived from testosterone have both anabolic muscle and strength enhancing and androgenic primary and secondary sexual effects. Efforts to limit the androgenic while enhancing the anabolic effects have not been successful. Alterations to the structure of testosterone, so as to improve the pharmacokinetics of AS, have resulted in drugs, which are orally active, have a longer plasma half life and may be administered as depot injections.

    Therapeutic doses of AS produce statistically significant effects on strength and athletic performance in well-controlled scientific and clinical trials. At low, therapeutic doses, diet and an intensive training regime are equally important in producing a statistically significant increase in strength. Higher doses 6—mg per week are regularly administered in sport and produce the greatest increases in muscle strength erythropoiesis and lean body mass.

    Patterns of steroid abuse can be complex, reflecting a desire to minimise side effects, and avoid detection. AS side effects are of many types. AS increase salt and water retention leading to an expansion of the blood volume, but effects of steroids on blood pressure are equivocal and most cardiovascular side effects appear to be reversible.

    Though these effects are reversible they are associated with an increased risk of both acute and chronic cardiovascular pathology. The most serious irreversible anabolic steroid side effects are associated with carcinomas-mainly of the liver, prostate and kidney. Hepatic carcinomas are strongly associated with abuse of the orally active 17alpha methyl substituted steroids, which also produce a reversible jaundice. In males, anabolic steroid abuse causes suppression of LH and FSH release leading to inhibition of testosterone production often accompanied by testicular atrophy, and azoospermia.

    High, chronic doses of the drugs may also cause moderate to severe feminising effects in the form of gynaecomastia. Male secondary sexual characteristics are a side effect of AS abuse in women.

    Increased insulin resistance and elevated fasting blood glucose levels are the commonest non-gonadal endocrine side effects of AS. AS abuse leads to contradictory, complex, behavioural, and psychiatric changes. Increased frequency of mental illness, in anabolic steroid abusers including paranoid schizophrenia, mania and depression has been reported. Physical and psychological dependency occur amongst some anabolic steroid abusers and severe psychiatric disorders can appear upon withdrawal, leading in a few cases to criminality and even suicide.

    We need more studies on the long-term effects of AS. The implications of the past 50 years of AS abuse will be discussed in the review. Andrologie December , The actions and side effects of Anabolic Steroids in sport and social abuse. Download to read the full article text. Hormones, mood and sexuality in lactating women. Anabolic-androgenic steroid effects on endocrinology and lipid metabolism in athletes. The influence of testosterone on human aggression. Androgens in men uses and abuses.

    Effects of endogenous testostrone and estradiol on sexual behaviour in normal young men. Psychological effects of endogenous testosterone and anabolic-androgenic steroids. Anabolic Steroids in sport and exercise.

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    Cellullar adaptation of the trapezius muscle in strength trained athletes. The expression of androgen receptors in human neck and limb muscles: An anabolic steroid addiction hypothesis. Increased aggressive responding in male volunteers following the administration of gradually increasing doses of testosterone cypionate.

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    Licit steroid use—hope for the future. Androgen receptor CAG repeats and prostate cancer. Serious cardiovascular side effects of large doses of anabolic steroids in weight lifters.

    Muscle dysmorphia in male weightlifters: Increased premature mortality of competitive powerlifters suspected to have used anabolic agents. Steroid use and long-term health risks in former athletes. Psychiatric and medical effects of anabolic-androgenic steroid use. Effects of supraphysiological doses of testosterone on mood and aggressionin normal men. Testosterone gel supplementation for men with refractory depression: Narcissism and empathy in steroid users Ann. A double blind, placebo controlled trial of testosterone therapy for HIV-positive men with hypogonadal symptoms.

    Psychological factors in sport performance. Cardiovascular toxicity of anabolic steroids. Anabolic-androgenic steroids and athletes: What are the issues? Androgens, brain and behaviour. Rapid effect of testosterone on striated muscle activity in rats. Testosterone replacement therapy for hypogonadal men with SSRI-refractory depression.

    Short-term oxandrolone administration stimulates net muscle protein synthesis in young men. Testosterone dose-dependently increases maximal voluntary strength and leg-power, but does not affect fatigability or specific tension. Androgen use by athletes:

    Anabolic Steroids and the Adolescent Athlete | AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS | Pediatrics

    harmful effects of anabolic steroids to athletes abstract

    Adverse effects of anabolic steroids in athletes. A constant threat. - PubMed - NCBI

    harmful effects of anabolic steroids to athletes abstract

    The Use and Effect of Anabolic Androgenic Steroids in Sports

    harmful effects of anabolic steroids to athletes abstract